Kate Winslet and Ralph Fiennes have two shots at glory in the awards seen as a dress rehearsal for the Oscars. Slumdog Millionaire and Frost/Nixon will be vying for best film.
Kate gets a best actress nomination for Revolutionary Road, as well as a supporting actress nod for The Reader.
Ralph also receives two nominations, while Dames Judi Dench and Eileen Atkins have both been recognised for their work in BBC TV series Cranford.
The late Heath Ledger is up for best supporting actor for The Dark Knight.
Danny Boyle, Stephen Daldry and Kate Winslet's husband Sam Mendes swell the UK contingent further with nominations in the best director category.
Danny Boyle's Slumdog Millionaire, Stephen Daldry's The Reader and Sam Mendes' Revolutionary Road all feature on the best dramatic film shortlist.
Frost/Nixon and Brad Pitt's fantasy The Curious Case of Benjamin Button complete the best film drama line-up.
Sam Mendes and Stephen Daldry both get best director nods.
Benjamin Button, Frost/Nixon and Meryl Streep's film Doubt are all up for five awards, more than any other film.
Meryl Streep is one of several actors up for two awards, getting dual best actress citations for Doubt and Mamma Mia.
Clint Eastwood is also up for prizes for two of his films - but only for his Changeling score and for co-writing the title song for Gran Torino.
Leonardo DiCaprio, Mickey Rourke and Brad Pitt lead an all-American line-up in the best dramatic actor category.
Frank Langella and Sean Penn complete the shortlist for their work in Frost/Nixon and Milk respectively.
In Bruges stars Colin Farrell and Brendan Gleeson represent Ireland on the best musical or comedy actor shortlist.
Spain's Javier Bardem is also included for Vicky Cristina Barcelona, alongside Dustin Hoffman for Last Chance Harvey.
Surprise nominee James Franco for drugs-based comedy Pineapple Express is the fifth actor to be included.
Perhaps the most unexpected nominee, however, is Tom Cruise - shortlisted for best supporting actor for his almost unrecognisable turn in the comedy Tropic Thunder.
Most Nominated Films
The Curious Case of Benjamin Button - 5
Doubt (above) - 5
Frost/Nixon - 5
The Reader - 4
Revolutionary Road - 4
Slumdog Millionaire - 4
Vicky Cristina Barcelona - 4
List of Golden Globe Nominees
Mike Leigh's Happy-Go Lucky gets a nod in the best comedy or musical category, with another nomination going to its star Sally Hawkins.
Emma Thompson is included in the same category, as is Sir Peter Hall's daughter, Rebecca, for her role in Vicky Cristina Barcelona.
Woody Allen's film joins Happy-Go-Lucky on the best musical or comedy shortlist, completed by In Bruges, Mamma Mia and the Coen brothers' Burn After Reading.
Kristin Scott Thomas is also recognised in the dramatic actress category for her role in the French-language film I've Loved You So Long.
Ralph Fiennes is up for best supporting actor for his film The Duchess, with a second nomination coming for best actor in a mini-series.
Britain's Tom Wilkinson is shortlisted for the same award for US election drama Recount, with an additional supporting actor nomination for the mini-series John Adams.
House star Hugh Laurie gets a best dramatic TV actor nod, as do Irish actors Gabriel Byrne and The Tudors' Jonathan Rhys Meyers.
British writers, meanwhile, make up three of the five best screenplay nominees, with Simon Beaufoy, Sir David Hare and Peter Morgan recognised for Slumdog Millionaire, The Reader and Frost/Nixon respectively.
Eric Fellner of Working Title, producer of Frost/Nixon, said its nominations were "a huge credit to Pete Morgan and the genius that is his writing". Frank Langella receives a nomination for the film, though Michael Sheen does not. "The idea was to start rolling out the film in the US this week, hopefully with the support of some nominations, so it's worked out perfectly." However, the British producer said he was "upset" that Michael Sheen - who plays Sir David Frost to Frank Langella's Richard Nixon - was passed over. "He's a key component of the piece, so it's a real shame he wasn't able to get a nomination," he said of the Welsh-born actor. "But I hope he realises and feels that any success the movie has is his as well."
The Golden Globes, which honour both film and television, divide its main film awards between dramas and musicals or comedies. The awards - handed out each year by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association - will be held in Los Angeles on 11 January.
Copyright Speakers Corner 2016